Sport psychology is

  1. the study of the various mental and psychological factors that influence and are influenced by taking part and performing in sport, exercise and physical activity
  2. the application of knowledge developed through the daily practice of the aforementioned study


Professional-sport psychology is focused on how taking part in sports, exercise and physical activity can enhance personal development and well-being over the entire life span.

Sport Psychology takes into consideration several different aspects, amongst which: expectations, quality of workout, motivation, early training, psychological and physical illness, aggressive behavior management, verbal and non-verbal communication, flow.



The term “Sport Ethics” defines the field of research on what’s good for the human being in sports; it’s the quest for a meaning of human life in all that we consider a physical activity with recreational or professional goals.

Any movement cannot just be considered a simple hit (which would be a consequence, an effect), but has to be migrated to a different semantic position, which is the one of the cause, the principle!

“The cause” has philosophical connotations over which human being has always been debating; it’s necessary to put oneself in a holistic, “healthy”, comprehensive vision of all that we consider martial.

The martial art, if lived and practiced in this wide and profound system, helps in discovering ones physical and mental potentialities and in learning how to take advantage of them.

The way of knowledge of the martial art is not static (made out of knowledge and enhancement of rigid and unmovable techniques), but it’s actually a continuous inner quest: there’s no goal, only a path to follow together!



Definitive actions, which tend to put an end to a match before its time limit, are usually simple and predictable; this fighting style carries a higher risk of injuries and keeps youngsters away from our gyms (this approach is tied to show and violence).

The alternative is to use a technical approach that’s made of anticipation, diagonals, counter-hits, bluffs, rather than counter-attacks, exchanges, advancing, turtle guard, etc..

This approach also needs a deep knowledge of tactics and match strategy (better positioning in the ring, use of the ropes and of the corner, breathing, balance, emotional management, …)

Workout in the gym has to be simple (to then become more complex), general ( to then become more specific), weak (to then become strong), well known actions (then new, complex actions), low in emotional content (to then manage more complex and heavy emotions).

In particular, we’ll focus on the following items, under both a theoretical and a practical point of view:

Guard (normal and false), Useful target, distance and combat axis, mechanic-muscular-skeleton considerations, basic training, defense and defense-hit movements, frequent mistakes, principles of tactics preparation, anticipations, sparring and conditioned sparring, motion ability learning, figures with instructor.

 Dr. Filippo Esposto